WP fail2ban

Wordpress Plugin
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fail2ban is one of the simplest and most effective security measures you can implement to prevent brute-force attacks.

WP fail2ban logs all login attempts - including via XML-RPC, whether successful or not, to syslog using LOG_AUTH. For example:

Oct 17 20:59:54 foobar wordpress(www.example.com)[1234]: Authentication failure for admin from 192.168.0.1 Oct 17 21:00:00 foobar wordpress(www.example.com)[2345]: Accepted password for admin from 192.168.0.1

WPf2b comes with three fail2ban filters: wordpress-hard.conf, wordpress-soft.conf, and wordpress-extra.conf. These are designed to allow a split between immediate banning (hard) and the traditional more graceful approach (soft), with extra rules for custom configurations.

Features

  • NEW - Remote Tools Add-on The Remote Tools add-on provides extra features without adding bloat to the core plugin. For more details see the add-on page.

NB: Requires PHP >= 5.6

  • NEW - Support for 3rd-party Plugins Version 4.2 introduces a simple API for authors to integrate their plugins with WPf2b, with 2 experimental add-ons:
    • Contact Form 7
    • Gravity Forms

NB: Requires PHP >= 5.6

  • CloudFlare and Proxy Servers WPf2b can be configured to work with CloudFlare and other proxy servers. For an overview see WP_FAIL2BAN_PROXIES.

  • Comments WPf2b can log comments (see WP_FAIL2BAN_LOG_COMMENTS) and attempted comments (see WP_FAIL2BAN_LOG_COMMENTS_EXTRA).

  • Pingbacks WPf2b logs failed pingbacks, and can log all pingbacks. For an overview see WP_FAIL2BAN_LOG_PINGBACKS.

  • Spam WPf2b can log comments marked as spam. See WP_FAIL2BAN_LOG_SPAM.

  • Block User Enumeration WPf2b can block user enumeration. See WP_FAIL2BAN_BLOCK_USER_ENUMERATION.

  • Work-Arounds for Broken syslogd WPf2b can be configured to work around most syslogd weirdness. For an overview see WP_FAIL2BAN_SYSLOG_SHORT_TAG and WP_FAIL2BAN_HTTP_HOST.

  • Blocking Users WPf2b can be configured to short-cut the login process when the username matches a regex. For an overview see WP_FAIL2BAN_BLOCKED_USERS.

  • mu-plugins Support WPf2b can easily be configured as a must-use plugin - see Configuration.


Releases (35 )

Version Release Date Change Log
4.2.8.1 2020-05-04
4.3.0-RC4 2020-04-30
4.2.8 2020-04-17
  • Add link to new support forum.
  • Fix user enumeration conflict with Gutenberg (h/t @dinghy).
  • Fix notices wrt admin menu (h/t @marioivangf).
  • Fix harmless XDebug notice (h/t @dinghy).
  • Update Freemius library.
4.3.0-RC3 2020-04-16
4.2.7.1 2019-09-30
  • Fix error when blocking user enumeration via oembed (h/t @wordpressfab).
4.2.7 2019-09-24
  • Fix error when blocking user enumeration via REST.
  • Fix buttons on Settings tabs.
4.2.6 2019-09-23
  • Add support for Remote Tools add-on.
  • Add support for the new ClassicPress security page.
  • Improved user enumeration blocking.
4.2.5 2019-07-15
  • Properly fix PHP 5.3 support; tested on CentOS 6. Does not support any UI or Premium features.
  • Fix potential issue with WP_FAIL2BAN_BLOCK_USER_ENUMERATION if calling REST API or XMLRPC from admin area.
4.2.4 2019-06-23
  • Add filter for login failed message.
  • Fix logging spam comments from admin area.
  • Fix Settings link from Plugins page.
  • Update Freemius library
4.2.3 2019-05-16
  • Workaround for some versions of PHP 7.x that would cause define()s to be ignored.
  • Add config note to settings tabs.
  • Fix documentation links.
4.2.2 2019-04-20
  • Fix 5.3 compatibility.
4.2.1 2019-04-20
  • Completed support for WP_FAIL2BAN_COMMENT_EXTRA_LOG.
  • Add support for 3rd-party plugins; see Developers.
    • Add-on for Contact Form 7 (experimental).
    • Add-on for Gravity Forms (experimental).
  • Change logging for known-user with incorrect password; previously logged as unknown user and matched by hard filters (due to limitations in older versions of WordPress), now logged as known user and matched by soft.
  • Bugfix for email-as-username - now logged correctly and matched by soft, not hard, filters.
  • Bugfix for regression in code to prevent Free/Premium conflict.
4.1.0 2019-03-13
  • Add separate logging for REST authentication.
  • Fix conflict with earlier versions pre-installed in mu-plugins. See Is WPf2b Already Installed?.
4.0.2 2019-01-28
  • Fix PHP 5.3 compatibility.
  • Bugfix for WP_FAIL2BAN_LOG_COMMENTS_EXTRA.
  • Bugfix for WP_FAIL2BAN_REMOTE_ADDR summary.
4.0.1 2019-01-25
  • Add extra features via Freemius. This is entirely optional. WPf2b works as before, including new features listed here.
  • Add settings summary page (Settings -> WP fail2ban).
  • Add WP_FAIL2BAN_PASSWORD_REQUEST_LOG.
  • Add WP_FAIL2BAN_SPAM_LOG.
  • Add WP_FAIL2BAN_LOG_COMMENTS_EXTRA - enable logging for attempted comments on posts which are:
    • not found,
    • closed for commenting,
    • in the trash,
    • drafts,
    • password protected
  • Block user enumeration via REST API.
3.6.0 2018-11-07
  • The filter files are now generated from PHPDoc in the code. There were too many times when the filters were out of sync with the code (programmer error) - this should resolve that by bringing the patterns closer to the code that emits them.
  • Added PHPUnit tests. Almost 100% code coverage, with the exception of WP_FAIL2BAN_PROXIES which is quite hard to test properly.
  • Bugfix for wordpress-soft.conf.
  • Add WP_FAIL2BAN_XMLRPC_LOG.
  • Add WP_FAIL2BAN_REMOTE_ADDR.
  • WP_FAIL2BAN_PROXIES now supports an array of IPs with PHP 7.
  • Moved all documentation to https://wp-fail2ban.readthedocs.io/.
3.5.3 2017-07-04
  • Bugfix for wordpress-hard.conf.
3.5.1 2016-08-09
  • Bugfix for WP_FAIL2BAN_BLOCK_USER_ENUMERATION.
3.5.0 2016-08-07
  • Add WP_FAIL2BAN_OPENLOG_OPTIONS.
  • Add WP_FAIL2BAN_LOG_COMMENTS and WP_FAIL2BAN_COMMENT_LOG.
  • Add WP_FAIL2BAN_LOG_PASSWORD_REQUEST.
  • Add WP_FAIL2BAN_LOG_SPAM.
  • Add WP_FAIL2BAN_TRUNCATE_HOST.
  • WP_FAIL2BAN_BLOCKED_USERS now supports an array of users with PHP 7. *
3.0.3 2016-07-07
  • Fix regex in wordpress-hard.conf
3.0.2 2016-06-23
  • Prevent double logging in WP 4.5.x for XML-RPC authentication failure
3.0.1 2016-04-21
  • Fix regex in wordpress-hard.conf
3.0.0 2016-03-28
  • Add WP_FAIL2BAN_SYSLOG_SHORT_TAG.
  • Add WP_FAIL2BAN_HTTP_HOST.
  • Log XML-RPC authentication failure.
  • Add better support for MU deployment.
2.3.2 2015-10-21
  • Bugfix WP_FAIL2BAN_BLOCKED_USERS.
2.3.1 2015-10-21
2.3.0 2014-11-03
  • Bugfix in experimental WP_FAIL2BAN_PROXIES code (thanks to KyleCartmell).
2.2.1 2014-08-09
  • Fix stupid mistake with WP_FAIL2BAN_BLOCKED_USERS.
2.2.0 2014-08-07
  • Custom authentication log is now called WP_FAIL2BAN_AUTH_LOG
  • Add logging for pingbacks
  • Custom pingback log is called WP_FAIL2BAN_PINGBACK_LOG
2.1.1 2014-03-03
  • Minor bugfix.
2.1.0 2013-08-28
  • Add support for blocking user enumeration; see WP_FAIL2BAN_BLOCK_USER_ENUMERATION
  • Add support for CIDR notation in WP_FAIL2BAN_PROXIES.
2.0.0 2013-08-05
  • Add experimental support for X-Forwarded-For header; see WP_FAIL2BAN_PROXIES
  • Add experimental support for regex-based login blocking; see WP_FAIL2BAN_BLOCKED_USERS
1.2.1 2013-04-12

Update FAQ.

1.2 2012-12-20

Fix harmless warning.

1.1 2012-11-18

Minor cosmetic updates.

1.0 2012-10-19

Initial release.